Why Do Suppliers Need Financial Information

Suppliers require financial information from their customers to make well-informed decisions while providing financial services. This information assists them in evaluating the customer’s financial stability and creditworthiness, which reduces the risk of non-payment. By understanding the income and credit history of customers, suppliers can tailor their payment terms and ensure timely payment. Moreover, it enables suppliers to plan their cash flow effectively and avoid potential financial difficulties. Access to financial information allows suppliers to assess the customer’s ability to fulfill their financial obligations, such as making timely payments, adhering to agreed-upon terms, and managing any disputes or discrepancies in transactions. This knowledge helps suppliers minimize financial risks and maintain long-term relationships with their customers.

Assessing Company Stability

Suppliers require access to a company’s financial information to assess its overall financial health and stability. This information helps them determine the following:

  • Debt-to-equity ratio: Measures the company’s debt level, which can impact its ability to meet future obligations.
  • Current ratio: Assesses the company’s ability to cover its short-term liabilities with its available assets.
  • Debt coverage ratio: Shows whether the company can generate sufficient cash flow to cover its debt payments.
  • Revenue growth: Indicates the company’s expansion potential and ability to generate future cash flow.
  • Profitability margins: Measure the efficiency of the company’s operations and its ability to generate profits.

A table summarizing key financial ratios and their significance is provided below:

Debt-to-equity ratioMeasures the company’s debt level in relation to its equity. A higher ratio indicates more debt and potential financial risk.
Current ratioAssesses the company’s liquidity by comparing its current assets to its current liabilities. A ratio below 1 indicates potential liquidity issues.
Debt coverage ratioMeasures the company’s ability to cover its debt payments. A ratio below 1 indicates difficulty in meeting debt obligations.
Revenue growthTracks the company’s increase in revenue over time. Consistent revenue growth indicates a healthy business.
Profitability marginsMeasures the company’s profitability by comparing its profit to its revenue or expenses. Higher margins indicate more efficient operations and higher profitability.

Determining Creditworthiness

When a supplier extends credit to a customer, they are taking on a degree of risk. To manage this risk, suppliers need to assess the creditworthiness of their customers. Financial information is essential for this process.

Financial information can help suppliers to assess a customer’s:

  • Ability to pay their debts
  • Level of financial risk
  • Financial stability

Suppliers can use a variety of financial ratios to assess a customer’s creditworthiness. Some of the most common ratios include:

Current ratioCurrent assets / Current liabilities
Quick ratio(Current assets – Inventory) / Current liabilities
Debt-to-equity ratioTotal debt / Total equity
Times interest earned ratioEarnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) / Interest expense
Return on assets (ROA)Net income / Average total assets

By analyzing these ratios, suppliers can get a better understanding of a customer’s financial health and ability to repay their debts.


One of the main reasons suppliers need financial information is to assess the risk associated with doing business with a particular customer. This information can help suppliers determine whether a customer is likely to be able to pay its bills on time and in full, and whether the customer is likely to be a long-term, reliable customer. Suppliers can use financial information to assess the following risks:

  • Credit risk: The risk that the customer will be unable to pay its bills on time or in full.
  • Payment risk: The risk that the customer will not pay its bills at all.
  • Operational risk: The risk that the customer’s business will experience a disruption that will prevent it from fulfilling its obligations to suppliers.

Other Important Factors

In addition to risk, suppliers also need financial information to make other important business decisions, such as pricing and payment terms. Financial information can help suppliers determine the following:

  • The customer’s ability to pay: Suppliers can use financial information to determine whether a customer has the financial resources to pay for the goods or services being purchased.
  • The customer’s payment history: Suppliers can use financial information to determine whether a customer has a history of paying its bills on time and in full.
  • The customer’s credit rating: Suppliers can use financial information to determine the customer’s credit rating, which is a measure of the customer’s creditworthiness.

Using Financial Information to Make Informed Decisions

Suppliers can use financial information to make informed decisions about whether to do business with a particular customer. By carefully assessing the customer’s financial health, suppliers can reduce the risk of doing business with that customer and make more informed decisions about pricing and payment terms.

Financial StatementInformation Provided
Income statementShows a company’s revenues and expenses over a period of time. This information can be used to assess a company’s profitability and financial performance.
Balance sheetShows a company’s assets, liabilities, and equity at a specific point in time. This information can be used to assess a company’s financial stability.
Cash flow statementShows a company’s cash inflows and outflows over a period of time. This information can be used to assess a company’s liquidity and ability to generate cash.

Establishing Terms of Payment

Establishing terms of payment is crucial to ensure timely payments and maintain a healthy supplier-customer relationship. Suppliers need financial information to determine the following:

  • Payment methods (e.g., credit card, check, bank transfer)
  • Payment due dates (e.g., net 30, net 60)
  • Discount terms (e.g., 2% discount for early payment)
  • Credit limits (the maximum amount of credit extended to a customer)

Clear and mutually agreed-upon payment terms minimize disputes, improve cash flow, and foster trust.

Assessing Creditworthiness

Financial information helps suppliers assess a customer’s creditworthiness, which is their ability to fulfill their payment obligations on time. Suppliers may consider:

  • Credit history and payment patterns
  • Financial statements (e.g., balance sheet, income statement)
  • Credit ratings from agencies like Dun & Bradstreet
  • Trade references from other businesses

By gauging a customer’s creditworthiness, suppliers can mitigate risks associated with non-payment or late payments.

Pricing and Payment Negotiations

Financial information can influence pricing and payment negotiations. Suppliers may adjust their prices based on their assessment of a customer’s financial strength. For example, customers with a strong credit history may qualify for discounts or extended payment terms.

Suppliers may also participate in negotiations with customers to reach a mutually beneficial payment plan that aligns with both parties’ financial capabilities.

Monitoring Customer Performance

Suppliers can monitor customer performance over time by reviewing their financial information. This helps them identify potential issues and take proactive measures to prevent payment delays or defaults. Suppliers may:

  • Track payment history and identify any patterns
  • Review customer’s financial statements to assess their ongoing financial stability
  • Update credit limits or payment terms as needed

By closely monitoring customer performance, suppliers can maintain a healthy and profitable relationship with their customers.

Common Payment Methods
Credit Card– Quick and simple transactions
– Convenient for customers
– May incur higher fees
– Requires customer to have credit
Check– Accepted by most businesses
– Can be used for large payments
– Subject to delays or fraud
– May require additional processing fees
Bank Transfer– Secure and efficient
– No additional transaction fees
– Can be time-consuming
– May not be available to all customers

, Sahawi, a disciple of the Shâfi’e School of law, the learned division of the Moslem jurisprudence, which follows the dogmatic system of their prophet, whose sayings and actions are recognized as the groundwork of the practical authority to legal or moral questions, so that, in their church, the dictates of Mohammed, the revelations of the Quran, and the decisions of the learned have equal weight and are universally received as law, holds that the expounders of the law in the Sunna, (one of the six canonical books of Mohammed which constitutes the law of the Hanifites) have been unanimous in the opinion that the Quranic passages about inheritance lay down a general principle, and are applicable to all cases, and are not limited to the period immediately following the death of the prophet. But as his theory is repugnant to the exegetical exposition of most of the accredited commentators of the Shâfi’e School, so that the current creed of the orthodox divines is generally contradicted, and the advocates of the legalistic hermeneutics on this point have no cogent plea, we will leave out the discussion, and pass to another controvertible question. The commentators of the Jurists have affirmed, that the passage, “ye women shall have the half of that which the men have a right to, “proclaims an invariable principle, from which no circumstances can turn them, although the decree is clearly applicable to the case after the death of the testator, which is generally inculcated by the majority of the learned in the Hanafi School, who are, however, dissentient in respect to the question of the existence of a will, about which no dissension ever took place in the preachings of the Apostle; and which, therefore, must have been abrogated. In the judgment of the majority of the commentators, the reading in the Quranic text, “how should they a woman receive a fourth part,” (which was, also, abrogated), relates to the Hodeibah period; and the several passages in the prophetic Traditions to the same end, are, like the Quran, subject to the same law. However, we will leave to more able hands the discussion of questions which have long since been decided. LAW NINTH. The “subject of begetting children” should not be lost sight of, although the subject is not in itself a very cogent one. Although male and female offspring are generally conceived in the proportion of one to three respectively; and the Quran expressly prohibis the being the parent of children (save for the purpose of begetting a legitimate heir), yet the law of some provinces, as in the venerable city of Mecca, allow the practice of the aborigines who make it a common custom of the tribe to have two male for five female children; and consider the parents’ consent the binding contract of marriage. The same subject, however, is another of the questions which have been decided by the occupants of the Musnud (the pulpit), and passed into the list of subjects which have the force of law, as much as if they were the embodiment of the Quranic Bismillah, or the farih of the Doctors. LAW TENTH. The subject of the order for the observances of the forms and ceremonies of the “prayer,” is one of the questions in this line, of which a detailed account has been given in the Divine Code; and which has been discussed by the learned Professors and Doctors, and cogently commented on by them. But as the practice of this law has no sort of analogue in the other religions of the world, and is, consequently, quite separate from, and unanalogous with, them; we will leave the farther consideration of it to the students of the Divine Book who have leisure to follow the study closely. LAW ELEVEnth. The subject of the (manner of ablution) is one of the questions in this line, the knowledge and practice of which is indispensable to any one who intends to be a follower of this law; being a part of the details of the Divine Book, and of the laws sanctioned by the Professors and Doctors. The law of ablution, however, is in no way connected with any other faith or system of religion; and is totally different from all other laws. Each one of the many outward ceremonies . and observances of this law, being as totally distinct from those of every other system of jurisprudence, as the forms of the Mosaic dispensation are from those of the Brahmanic. The commentators on the Shâfi’e code, and several of the learned schoolmen consider the subject of ablutions to be a question of much importance; and the learned Advocates of the Hanafi school regard it as a matter which must be studied with a great deal of attention, being a subject of which the highest exponents have treated with no little prolixity and detail which the most learned Doctors and Professors have expounded with a great deal of amplification, which their advocates and disciples have, generally, treated with a great deal of unction. But as the practice of this law, as well as that of Baptism in the Christian, and the Ashnán in the Hindu systems of religion, has little or no analogy to the observances of any of the other creeds, we will leave the farther consideration of it to the Doctors and Professors of the Shâfi’e school of law, who have, by their commentators and disciples, given such a full and circumlocatory exposition of the subject, that it has become a matter of no little amazement in the world. But, that which most excites our wonder, and the concatenation of our astonishment is, that this law is of such a nature that it puzzles the wisest of the Doctors and Professors; and that they should seek to develop such a one, and should spend their lives in tracing and developing it, is matter of the greatest amazement; and the new and novel principles which they are continually broaching, are, to the uninitiated, matter of the most astounding astonishment. LAW TWELFTH. The subject of the “fast,” is, like that of the “prayer,” one of the most important parts of the law, and most essential to the practice of it. The Book of Prayer teaches that those who pray should fast; and the Doctors andProfessorsare unanimous in the opinion, that they who fast should pray; being a Divine ordinance, and a question frequently discussed by the Doctors and Professors of this School. But it is so much the theme of the learned commentators of the Shâfi’e school of law, that if the subject were discussed here, it would lead to no little prolixity, and, after all, would amount to nothing more than a variety of statements, and a mass of tedious details, which have been the subject of much laborious research, and have occasioned much laborious study, by the Professors of this Law; by which they have attained to a vast deal of learning which has served to little purpose in any other respect, and little else than the exercise of their own ingenuity, and has served no other end than that of exercising the ingenuity of the Doctors of this School who have been very numerous, and have, in fact, been rather a numerous, and, in fact, are a numerous body, and have, emphatically, nothing like “number” in their own System of jurisprudence. So, leaving them to this agreeable, and rather numerous, and, in fact, a very numerous body, and, to their own rather agreeable and numerous profession, we will leave them to that; for it is quite certain that they will not leave their profession; and, if they would, it is quite certain they could not; and have quite a numerous profession in the practice of their numerous profession, which is none other. LAW THIRTEENTH. This subject is one of the most important parts of the Law, and is chiefly noticed by the Doctors and Professors, who have given no little attention to this subject, which has led to much controversy, and no little prolixity and amplification; which has been treated with a great deal of attention by the commentators, and has been expatiated upon by the Professors of this School, and no little amplification by the Doctors, and a great deal of attention by the learned expositors, who, in fact, amplify this subject by the exposition of the Doctors and Professors, about which there has been a great deal of controversy and expatiation by the Doctor
s and Professors, and so forth. So, to avoid all this expatiation of the Doctors and Professors, we will leave this subject alone, to the careful study of the learned expositors of this School. LAW FOURTEENTH. This subject is one to which the Doctors and Professors have given no little attention, and which has occasioned much controversy, about which there has been no little expatiation, and no little amplification, by the Doctors and Professors, who have expounded this subject with a great deal of attention; and, in fact, given to it a vast deal of attention, by which they have expounded this subject with a great deal of prolixity, and the Doctors and Professors have expatiated on it by a great deal of study, and a great deal too much study, in fact, by the Doctors and Professors, about which they have expatiated no little; and, in fact, expounded no little; and the learned expositors have expatiated upon it no little; so, having explained this subject with this expounding explanation, and expounded this expatiation to the Doctors and Professors, we will give this exposition all this attention; so, expatiating ourselves upon this expatiation of expatiations, and expatiating our attention upon this attention of expatiations, we will expound this attention of expatiations to the Doctors and Professors, and bid them farewell. APPENDIX TO THE FOURTEEN LAWS. The subject of the “Kola,” as it is called by the Doctors and Professors, is in itself a subject of no little importance, and which has