What is a Syntax Error Example

A syntax error occurs when the code doesn’t follow the rules of the programming language. This can happen when there is a missing or incorrect punctuation mark, such as a missing semicolon or a misspelled keyword. Syntax errors are typically easy to spot, as they often result in a clear error message from the compiler. For example, in the code snippet “if x = 5”, the equals sign should be replaced with a double equals sign (==) for the if statement to be syntactically correct.

Improper Code Structure

A syntax error is an error in the syntax of a program, which means that the program does not follow the rules of the language in which it is written. Syntax errors can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Using the wrong punctuation
  • Using the wrong keywords
  • Using the wrong data types
  • Using the wrong structure

Syntax errors are usually easy to spot, as they will cause the program to fail to compile or run. For example, the following Python code contains a syntax error because the semicolon is missing at the end of the line:

print(“Hello, world”)

The following table shows some common syntax errors in different programming languages:

PythonMissing colon
JavaMissing semicolon
C++Missing parentheses
JavaScriptMissing curly braces

Syntax Errors: Definition and Examples

In programming, a syntax error occurs when the code does not adhere to the grammatical rules of the programming language. These errors prevent the code from being parsed and executed correctly.

Missing Syntax Elements

One common type of syntax error is missing syntax elements. These elements are essential for the code to function properly and can include:

  • Missing parentheses
  • Missing semicolons
  • Missing curly braces
  • Missing quotes around strings

For example, consider the following line of code in Python:

print(Hello World)

This code will generate a syntax error because the string “Hello World” is not enclosed in quotes. The correct code should be:

print("Hello World")

Examples of Syntax Error Messages

Error MessageDescription
SyntaxError: invalid syntaxGeneral syntax error indicating missing or incorrect syntax elements
SyntaxError: parentheses missingMissing parentheses in function call or expression
SyntaxError: invalid characterInvalid character used in the code, such as a special character not allowed
SyntaxError: unexpected EOF while parsingEnd of file reached unexpectedly before the code was fully parsed

Unmatched Braces or Quotes

When writing a program, it’s necessary to follow specific rules known as syntax. Errors occur when these rules are violated, leading to syntax errors. One common type of syntax error involves unmatched braces or quotes.

Braces and quotes are used to group related code elements or to enclose strings. If these elements are not properly matched, the compiler cannot correctly interpret the program.

  • Unmatched Braces: Braces {} are used to group code blocks. If an opening brace { is not closed with a closing brace }, the compiler will report a syntax error.
  • Unmatched Quotes: Quotes ” or ‘ are used to enclose strings. If a string starts with a quote but ends without its matching closing quote, or vice versa, the compiler will encounter a syntax error.


Incorrect CodeCorrect Code
int main() {
for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
cout << “Hello” << endl;
int main() {
for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
cout << “Hello” << endl;
using namespace std;

int main() {
int x = 5;
cout << “The value of x is ” << x;

using namespace std;

int main() {
int x = 5;
cout << “The value of x is ” << x << endl;

Syntax Error Example: Invalid Function Calls

A syntax error occurs when the code you write doesn’t conform to the rules of the programming language you’re using. One common type of syntax error is an invalid function call.

A function call is a way to execute a function. In most programming languages, you call a function by typing its name followed by a pair of parentheses. Inside the parentheses, you can specify arguments, which are values that the function uses to perform its task.

If you make a mistake when calling a function, you may get a syntax error. Here are some examples of invalid function calls:

  • Calling a function with the wrong number of arguments.
  • Calling a function with arguments of the wrong type.
  • Calling a function that doesn’t exist.

The following table shows some examples of invalid function calls and the corresponding syntax errors:

Invalid Function CallSyntax Error
myFunction(1, 2, 3)Too many arguments
myFunction("Hello", 123)Argument of the wrong type
myFunctionXYZ()Function not found

To avoid syntax errors, always make sure that you’re calling functions with the correct number and type of arguments, and that you’re using functions that actually exist.

Alright, there you have it, folks! I hope this little rundown on syntax errors has been helpful. Remember, making mistakes is part of the coding journey, so don’t be discouraged if you encounter a few along the way. Just take a deep breath, fix the error, and keep moving forward. Thanks for dropping by, and until next time, keep those codes flowing!