Which Taxes Have Been Subsumed in Gst 2

With the advent of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in 2017, several indirect taxes levied by the central and state governments were subsumed into a single comprehensive tax regime. These subsumed taxes include central taxes like central excise duty, service tax, additional customs duty, and special additional duty of customs. State-level taxes such as value-added tax (VAT), central sales tax (CST), luxury tax, entertainment tax, amusement tax, entry tax, and octroi duty were also absorbed into GST. The implementation of GST aimed to simplify the indirect tax system, reduce cascading effects of taxation, and create a common national market.

Existing Tax Structures before GST

Prior to the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India, businesses were subject to a multitude of indirect taxes levied by the central and state governments. These taxes often overlapped and led to confusion and inefficiencies in tax administration.

Some of the major indirect taxes subsumed under GST included:

  • Central Excise Duty
  • Additional Customs Duty (Countervailing Duty or Special Additional Duty)
  • Service Tax
  • Value Added Tax (VAT)
  • Central Sales Tax (CST)
  • Entertainment Tax
  • Luxury Tax

The GST regime replaced these multiple taxes with a single, comprehensive tax levied on the supply of goods and services. This has simplified tax compliance and reduced the overall tax burden on businesses.

TaxLevied by
Central Excise DutyCentral Government
Additional Customs DutyCentral Government
Service TaxCentral Government
Value Added Tax (VAT)State Governments
Central Sales Tax (CST)Central Government
Entertainment TaxState Governments
Luxury TaxState Governments

Commodities and Services Subsumed in GST

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a comprehensive indirect tax levied on the supply of goods and services. It is a destination-based tax, which means that it is levied at the point of consumption. GST subsumes various indirect taxes that were levied earlier, including:

  • Central Excise Duty
  • Service Tax
  • Value Added Tax (VAT)
  • Central Sales Tax (CST)
  • Additional Customs Duty (ACD)
  • Special Additional Duty of Customs (SADD)

The following table provides a detailed list of the commodities and services that have been subsumed in GST:

  • All items except alcoholic liquor for human consumption, petroleum products, natural gas, aviation turbine fuel, and electricity
  • All services except services provided by the government or a local authority, services provided by a charitable or religious institution, and services provided by an educational institution
S. No.CategoryCommodities/Services

It is important to note that GST is a multi-stage tax, which means that it is levied at each stage of the supply chain. However, the tax paid at the earlier stages is set off against the tax payable at the later stages, thereby avoiding cascading of taxes.

Impact of GST on Economic Growth

The implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) has been a significant step towards reforming the tax system in India. GST has subsumed various indirect taxes levied by the central and state governments, resulting in a simplified and unified tax structure.

The impact of GST on economic growth is multifaceted:

  • Reduced Tax Burden: GST has reduced the overall tax burden on businesses by eliminating cascading taxes and reducing tax rates on several goods and services.
  • Improved Compliance: GST’s simplified tax structure, online filing system, and input tax credit mechanism have made tax compliance easier, reducing the cost of compliance for businesses.
  • Increased Efficiency: GST has streamlined and standardized the tax collection process, reducing tax evasion and improving efficiency in tax administration.
  • Improved Market Integration: GST has created a single national market by eliminating tax barriers between states, facilitating seamless movement of goods and services.
  • Increased Investment: The improved business climate created by GST has encouraged domestic and foreign investment, contributing to economic growth.

Despite these positive impacts, GST also has some challenges:

  • Initial Transition Costs: Businesses faced transitional challenges during the implementation of GST, leading to temporary disruptions in supply chains.
  • Compliance Burden for Small Businesses: Some small businesses have faced challenges in complying with GST due to the increased complexity and documentation requirements.
  • Revenue Shortfall: The government has experienced revenue shortfalls in the initial years of GST implementation, requiring adjustments to tax rates and compliance measures.

Overall, GST has been a positive step towards economic growth in India. Its simplified tax structure, reduced tax burden, and improved efficiency have created a more favorable business environment. However, the government needs to address the challenges, such as compliance burden for small businesses and revenue shortfall, to maximize the economic benefits of GST.

Benefits of GST Implementation

  • Simplified tax structure: GST has replaced multiple indirect taxes with a single, comprehensive tax, making it easier for businesses to comply with tax laws.
  • Reduced tax burden: GST rates are generally lower than the taxes they have replaced, resulting in reduced tax liability for many businesses.
  • Improved efficiency: GST has streamlined the tax administration process, including filing returns and paying taxes, leading to improved efficiency and reduced compliance costs.
  • Increased transparency: GST has brought about greater transparency in the tax system, as it requires businesses to maintain detailed records of their transactions.
  • Increased revenue: GST has expanded the tax base by bringing more businesses into the tax net, leading to increased revenue for the government.

Challenges of GST Implementation

  • Transition challenges: The transition to GST was a complex and challenging process for businesses, as they had to adapt to the new tax system and make necessary changes to their accounting and IT systems.
  • Compliance burden: While GST has simplified the tax structure, it has also increased the compliance burden for some businesses, particularly smaller businesses, due to the requirement for more detailed record-keeping and frequent tax filings.
  • IT infrastructure challenges: The GSTN portal, which is the backbone of GST implementation, has faced technical glitches and outages, causing inconvenience to businesses and taxpayers.
  • Unresolved issues: Certain issues related to GST, such as the treatment of e-commerce transactions and the classification of goods and services, are still being debated and need to be resolved for effective implementation.

Well, there you have it, folks! That covers the two GST subsumed taxes we discussed today. I hope this article has been helpful in clearing up any confusion you might have had. Remember, GST is a complex system, and it’s always a good idea to consult with a professional if you have any specific questions. Thanks for reading, and be sure to check back later for more GST-related updates and insights.