Which Among the Following is the Example of Near Money

Near money consists of financial instruments that can be easily converted into cash. They are highly liquid, meaning they can be accessed quickly without losing significant value. Examples of near money include money market accounts, short-term certificates of deposit, and commercial paper. These instruments offer a higher rate of return compared to traditional savings accounts but are typically less liquid than cash.

Treasury Bills

Treasury bills are short-term government securities with maturities of less than one year. They are considered near money because they are highly liquid and can be easily converted into cash. Treasury bills are issued by the U.S. Treasury and are backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government.

Features of Treasury Bills

  • Maturities of less than one year
  • Highly liquid and easily convertible into cash
  • Issued by the U.S. Treasury
  • Backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government

Types of Treasury Bills

Treasury bills are classified into four types based on their maturity:

TypeMaturity
T-billsLess than 1 year
T-notes1-10 years
T-bonds10-30 years
TIPS5-30 years

Certificates of Deposit

Certificates of Deposit (CDs) are a type of near money that is issued by banks and credit unions. They are similar to savings accounts, but they offer higher interest rates and have a fixed term. When you purchase a CD, you agree to leave your money in the account for a certain period of time, usually ranging from a few months to several years. In return for your commitment, the bank or credit union will pay you a higher interest rate than you would receive on a savings account.

CDs are considered near money because they are highly liquid. This means that you can easily access your money if you need it, even before the term of the CD is up. However, if you withdraw your money before the term is up, you may have to pay a penalty.

Advantages of CDs

  • Higher interest rates than savings accounts
  • Fixed terms, which can help you save money
  • Easy to access your money if you need it
  • FDIC insured up to $250,000

Disadvantages of CDs

  • Penalties for early withdrawal
  • Interest rates can change, which could affect your return

Comparison of CDs to Savings Accounts

FeatureCDSavings Account
Interest rateHigherLower
TermFixedFlexible
LiquidityLess liquidMore liquid
FDIC insuranceYesYes

Commercial Paper

Commercial paper is a type of unsecured, short-term debt instrument issued by corporations. It is typically used to finance working capital needs, such as inventory purchases or payroll expenses. Commercial paper is typically sold in denominations of $1,000 or more, and matures in less than one year.

  • Advantages of commercial paper include its low cost and flexibility.
  • Disadvantages of commercial paper include its short maturity and the risk of default.

Commercial paper is a type of near money because it is a highly liquid asset that can be easily converted into cash.

CharacteristicCommercial Paper
MaturityLess than one year
Denomination$1,000 or more
SecurityUnsecured
UsageFinance working capital needs
LiquidityHighly liquid

Money Market Accounts

Money market accounts (MMAs) are a type of savings account that offers higher interest rates than traditional savings accounts. They are similar to money market funds, but they are offered by banks and credit unions. MMAs are considered near money because they are easily convertible to cash and can be used to make payments.

  • MMAs typically require a minimum balance to open and maintain.
  • MMAs may have restrictions on the number of withdrawals you can make per month.
  • MMAs are FDIC-insured up to $250,000.

Here is a table that compares MMAs to other types of near money:

Type of Near MoneyInterest RateMinimum BalanceWithdrawal RestrictionsFDIC-Insured
Money Market AccountsHigher than traditional savings accountsTypically requiredMay have restrictionsYes
Money Market FundsHigher than traditional savings accountsTypically not requiredNoNo
Certificates of Deposit (CDs)Higher than traditional savings accountsTypically requiredPenalties for early withdrawalYes

Thanks for sticking with me through this brief exploration of near money! I hope it’s been an informative read. Remember, when it comes to managing your dough, understanding the different types of money can be like having a secret weapon.

Be sure to check back later for more financial musings and tips. I’m always keen on sharing my two cents, so don’t be a stranger!