How Much Money Did Cecil Rhodes Leave in His Will

Cecil Rhodes amassed a vast fortune during his lifetime, primarily through his involvement in the diamond and gold mining industries in South Africa. Upon his death in 1902, he left behind an estate estimated to be worth over £6 million, an enormous sum at the time. Rhodes’ will revealed his philanthropic intentions, with a significant portion of his wealth dedicated to the establishment of the Rhodes Scholarship, which continues to provide scholarships to students from various countries to study at Oxford University in England. Rhodes’ legacy as a wealthy and influential figure remains a topic of interest and discussion to this day.

Cecil Rhodes’s Extensive Fortune

Cecil Rhodes was a British businessman and politician who amassed a vast fortune through his mining and political endeavors. He is best known for his role in the founding of the diamond conglomerate De Beers and the British South Africa Company, which played a significant role in the colonization of Southern Africa.

Rhodes’s fortune was estimated to be worth over £6 million at the time of his death in 1902, which is equivalent to approximately £350 million in today’s currency.

His will, which was written in 1899, divided his fortune among various charitable institutions and organizations, including:

  • The Rhodes Trust, which was established to provide scholarships for students from the British Empire and its colonies to study at the University of Oxford.
  • The De Beers Consolidated Mines, Limited, which was left in trust to fund the Rhodes Scholarship and other charitable purposes.
  • The Rhodes Museum in Cape Town, South Africa, which was established to preserve Rhodes’s legacy and collection of historical artifacts.

In addition to his direct bequests, Rhodes also left a substantial portion of his fortune to his family and friends.

The following table provides a summary of the distribution of Rhodes’s fortune in his will:

BeneficiaryAmount
Rhodes Trust£5 million
De Beers Consolidated Mines, Limited£1 million
Rhodes Museum£100,000
Family and friends£1 million
Total£6 million

Cecil Rhodes’ Estate: A Legacy of Financial and Philanthropic Impact

Cecil Rhodes, a British imperialist and mining magnate, left behind a substantial fortune upon his passing in 1902. His will, which became the subject of much controversy and discussion, allocated a significant portion of his wealth to various philanthropic endeavors, including the establishment of the prestigious Rhodes Scholarship.

Bequests from the Estate

  • £1 million to establish the Rhodes Scholarship program.
  • £400,000 to endow a chair of Imperial History at Oxford University.
  • £100,000 to endow a chair of Applied Science at Oxford University.
  • £50,000 to endow a chair of Classical Languages at Oxford University.
  • £10,000 to establish a fund for the promotion of British Imperial unity.

Impact on the Rhodes Scholarship

The establishment of the Rhodes Scholarship through Rhodes’ bequest has had an immeasurable impact on the global educational landscape. The scholarship, which provides funding for students from select Commonwealth countries to study at Oxford University, has supported over 8,000 scholars since its inception.

The Rhodes Scholarship selection process is highly competitive, and scholars are chosen based on their academic achievements, leadership qualities, and commitment to public service. Notable Rhodes Scholars include Nelson Mandela, Bill Clinton, and Angela Merkel, who have gone on to make significant contributions to their fields and society.

Other Charitable Bequests

In addition to the aforementioned bequests, Rhodes also allocated funds to various other charitable causes:

Charitable InstitutionAmount
British Red Cross£10,000
London Hospital£10,000
London School of Economics£5,000
Royal National Lifeboat Institution£5,000
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel£2,500

Cecil Rhodes’ Will and Philanthropic Endeavors

Cecil Rhodes, a British businessman and politician, left a significant fortune upon his death in 1902. His will established various philanthropic trusts, leaving a lasting impact on education, research, and public affairs.

Philanthropic Endeavors

  • Rhodes Scholarship: Rhodes bequeathed funds to establish scholarships at Oxford University for students from various British colonies and the United States. The Rhodes Scholarship program, which continues to operate today, provides full funding for postgraduate study.
  • Scholarships for African Students: Rhodes also donated funds to support scholarships for African students at the University of Stellenbosch in South Africa.
  • National Scholarships: Rhodes established national scholarships in South Africa, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), and Zambia.
  • Homes: Rhodes built houses for poor families in Kimberley, South Africa, and Cape Town, South Africa.
  • Bulawayo Fund: Rhodes donated funds to establish Bulawayo, a city in Rhodesia, and its public works.
  • Rhodes Trust: Rhodes left the bulk of his fortune to the Rhodes Trust, a charitable organization that verwaltet the other philanthropic endeavors.

Distribution of Wealth

BeneficiaryAmount
Rhodes Scholarships£4 million
Scholarships for African Students£1 million
National Scholarships£2 million
Homes£1 million
Bulawayo Fund£1 million
Rhodes Trust£500,000

In addition to these specific donations, Rhodes left a portion of his wealth to support various general charitable purposes.

How Cecil Rhodes’ Will Impacted the World

Cecil Rhodes was a British imperialist who played a pivotal role in the history of Southern Africa. His will, written in 1902, left a lasting legacy of endowments that have shaped the world today.

Legacy of Endowments

  • Rhodes Scholarship: Founded in 1903, the prestigious scholarship supports post-graduate students from the United Kingdom, the Commonwealth, and other selected nations to study at the University of Oxford.
  • Rhodes House: Established in 1929, Rhodes House is a purpose-built facility in Oxford that houses the Rhodes Scholarships office and provides a residential community for scholars.
  • Rhodes Memorial: Located on Table Mountain in Cape Town, South Africa, the memorial commemorates Cecil Rhodes and his role in shaping the region.

Rhodes’ will also established the Rhodes Trust, which oversees the administration of the scholarships and other endowments.

Cecil Rhodes’ Will Summary
ProvisionPurpose
Rhodes ScholarshipFund post-graduate education for students from selected countries
Rhodes HouseProvide a home and community for Rhodes Scholars at Oxford
Rhodes MemorialCommemorate Cecil Rhodes and his legacy

Rhodes’ will has had a profound impact on education and international relations. The Rhodes Scholarship has supported over 9,000 students from around the world, fostering cultural exchange and intellectual collaboration.

Alrighty folks, that’s all she wrote on Cecil Rhodes’ will and fortune. Thanks for sticking with me on this wild ride through history and money. If you’ve got any burning questions or just want to hang out, feel free to drop me a line. I’ll be here, waiting to dive into more fascinating stories and share them with you. Stay curious, my friends, and I’ll see you next time!