How Much Money Can You Receive as a Gift Before Paying Taxes

There’s no limit on gift money you can receive tax-free from individuals. However, if you get a large gift, the giver may have to pay a gift tax. The annual gift tax exclusion in 2023 is $17,000 per person. This means that you can receive up to $17,000 from any one person each year without them having to pay a gift tax. Any amount over the annual exclusion will be subject to a gift tax. The gift tax rates range from 18% to 40%, depending on the amount of the gift. If you receive a gift of over $17,000, the giver will need to file a gift tax return with the IRS.
## Tax-Free Gifts

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) generally excludes gifts from your taxable income. However, there are limits to how much you can receive tax-free.

### Exclusions

– **$16,000 per person, per year:** This is the gift tax exclusion amount for 2023 and 2024. You can receive up to this amount from any one person without having to pay gift tax.

– **Unlimited gifts to your spouse:** You can make unlimited tax-free gifts to your spouse, regardless of their citizenship or residency status.

### Exceptions

**1. Gifts Split Between Spouses**

If you and your spouse make a gift together, you can each exclude up to $16,000 per recipient. This means that you could give a married couple up to $32,000 tax-free.

**2. Future Interests**

A gift to a minor child or other person who is not yet able to possess or enjoy the property is called a future interest. Future interests do not qualify for the gift tax exclusion.

**3. Gifts in Trust**

Gifts in trust can also be subject to gift tax. However, there are certain types of trusts that can qualify for the gift tax exclusion.

**4. Gifts to Non-U.S. Citizens**

The gift tax exclusion does not apply to gifts to non-U.S. citizens. However, there is an annual exclusion of $16,885 for gifts to non-U.S. citizens who are your spouse or descendants.

### Table of Gift Tax Exclusions

| Recipient | Annual Exclusion |
|—|—|
| U.S. citizen spouse | Unlimited |
| U.S. citizen | $16,000 |
| Non-U.S. citizen spouse or descendant | $16,885 |
| Non-U.S. citizen | $0 |

Gift Tax Threshold

In the United States, there is a limit to how much money you can receive as a gift from another person without having to pay taxes on it. This is known as the gift tax threshold.

Gift Tax Threshold

The gift tax threshold for 2023 is $17,000 per person per year. This means that you can receive up to $17,000 from any one person in a year without having to pay any gift tax.

If you receive more than $17,000 from a single person in a year, you will have to pay a gift tax on the amount over $17,000. The gift tax rate is 40%, so you will have to pay 40% of the amount over $17,000.

Example

For example, let’s say that you receive a gift of $25,000 from your grandmother in 2023. The gift tax threshold for 2023 is $17,000, so you will have to pay a gift tax on the amount over $17,000, which is $8,000. The gift tax rate is 40%, so you will have to pay 40% of $8,000, which is $3,200.

Annual Exclusion

In addition to the gift tax threshold, there is also an annual exclusion for gifts made to a spouse. The annual exclusion for 2023 is $163,000. This means that you can give your spouse up to $163,000 in a year without having to pay any gift tax.

Avoiding Gift Taxes

There are a few ways to avoid paying gift taxes. One way is to give gifts in smaller amounts. Another way is to give gifts to your spouse, who is exempt from the gift tax. You can also use a trust to make gifts.

YearGift Tax ThresholdAnnual Exclusion for Spouse
2023$17,000$163,000

Joint Gifts

When multiple individuals contribute to a single gift, the gift amount is considered jointly and the limit applies collectively. For instance, if two individuals contribute $50,000 each for a gift, it is treated as a $100,000 gift and the $15,000 annual exclusion limit may still be applied.

Additionally, there is a specific rule for gifts made from a spouse to a third party. If one spouse makes a gift to a third party and the other spouse agrees to the gift, it is treated as if the gift was made by both spouses. This means that each spouse can apply the $15,000 annual exclusion limit to the gift, effectively doubling the exclusion amount.

Gift Tax Rate Table
Amount of GiftTax Rate
$0 – $10,00018%
$10,001 – $20,00020%
$20,001 and up22%

Implications of Inheritance

Inheriting money or property can have significant financial implications, including potential tax liabilities. Understanding the tax rules surrounding inheritance is crucial to avoid unexpected financial burdens.

Taxation of Inherited Money

  • Federal Estate Tax: Inheritances are generally not subject to federal estate tax. However, the estate of the deceased person may be liable for estate tax if the value of the estate exceeds certain limits.
  • State Inheritance Tax: Some states impose an inheritance tax on the recipient of an inheritance. The rates and rules vary by state.
  • Income Tax: While the money received as an inheritance is not directly taxable, any interest or dividends earned on that money is subject to income tax.

Taxation of Inherited Property

  • Property Tax: Inherited property is subject to annual property taxes based on its value.
  • Capital Gains Tax: If you sell inherited property, any profit realized may be subject to capital gains tax.

Other Considerations

In addition to taxes, there are other considerations to keep in mind regarding inheritances:

  • Probate: The process of administering an estate after someone dies, which may involve fees and delays.
  • Estate Planning: Individuals can use estate planning tools, such as wills and trusts, to minimize tax liabilities and ensure their assets are distributed as intended.
  • Seek Professional Advice: To navigate the complexities of inheritance tax laws, it is advisable to consult with an attorney or tax professional.
Federal Estate Tax Exemptions
YearExemption
2018$11.18 million
2019$11.4 million
2020$11.58 million
2021$11.7 million
2022$12.06 million
2023$12.92 million

Note: The federal estate tax exemption is adjusted annually for inflation.

Alright folks, that wraps up our crash course on gift tax. Remember, the IRS ain’t exactly Santa Claus when it comes to free cash. But hey, who needs a lot of gifts, right? Besides, there are always other ways to show your loved ones you care. Thanks for sticking with me. If you have any burning questions about taxes that keep you up at night, feel free to pop back in later. Until then, keep the gifting budget in mind. Cheers!