Do You Earn Money in Residency

In medical residency programs, residents typically receive a stipend rather than a salary. This stipend covers basic necessities such as living expenses, healthcare, and educational materials. While residents do not earn a traditional salary, their work is considered a form of training and education, essential for their future careers as practicing physicians. The stipend they receive is designed to support them financially during this educational period while they gain valuable clinical experience and prepare for independent practice.

Residency Salary Structure

Residents, also known as house officers, receive a salary while pursuing their medical specialty training. In the United States, the salary structure for residents is primarily determined by three factors: postgraduate year (PGY), the number of years since medical school graduation and the determination of benefits, and the institution and its location.

PGY-Based Salary

  • The salary typically increases with each PGY level, which ranges from PGY-1 (first year after medical school) to PGY-7 (seventh year or higher).
  • Each year’s salary is set by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the institution.


In addition to their salaries, residents may receive a range of benefits, such as:

  • Health insurance
  • Dental insurance
  • Vision insurance
  • Malpractice insurance
  • Paid time off
  • Continuing medical education (CME) funds

Institutional and Geographic Variation

The salary and benefits offered to residents can vary significantly from institution to institution and among different geographic locations. Factors that can influence salary include:

  • Cost of living in the area
  • Unionization
  • Institutional funding

Salary Table

The following table provides a sample salary structure for residents in different PGY levels at a specific institution:

PGY LevelSalary

Earning Potential as a Resident

Residency is a period of advanced medical training that doctors complete after graduating from medical school. During residency, doctors work under the supervision of attending physicians and gain experience in their chosen specialty. Residencies typically last three to seven years, depending on the specialty.

  • Residency salaries vary depending on the year of training, the specialty, and the location of the residency program.
  • According to the American Medical Association, the average annual salary for first-year residents in 2022 was $63,000.
  • By the fifth year of residency, the average annual salary had increased to $79,000.

In addition to their salaries, residents may also receive other benefits, such as health insurance, dental insurance, and paid time off.

Year of TrainingAverage Annual Salary
First year$63,000
Second year$66,000
Third year$70,000
Fourth year$74,000
**Assistant Chief Resident (PGY-5)**$79,000

Benefits of Resident Income

Earning an income as a resident offers several advantages over other forms of employment, including:

  1. Job stability: Residency programs typically span several years, providing a stable source of income and job security.
  2. Competitive salaries: Residents earn competitive salaries commensurate with their level of training and experience.
  3. Access to benefits: Residents are often eligible for a comprehensive benefits package, including health insurance, paid time off, and retirement plans.
  4. Professional growth opportunities: Residency programs provide a structured environment for residents to develop their clinical skills, knowledge base, and research capabilities.
  5. Networking opportunities: Residency programs offer opportunities to connect with other healthcare professionals, build relationships, and advance within the medical community.

In addition to these general benefits, residents may also receive additional perks and incentives, such as:

  • Tuition reimbursement
  • Housing allowances
  • Meal stipends
  • Travel assistance
  • Tax Considerations for Residents

    As a resident physician, it’s important to be aware of the unique tax considerations that apply to your income. Here are some key points to keep in mind:

    • Resident exemption: Residents are eligible for a special exemption that allows them to exclude a certain amount of their income from federal taxes. This exemption is based on your filing status and the number of years you have completed in residency training.
    • 1099 income: If you receive any income from 1099 work, it is important to remember that this income is subject to self-employment taxes. This means that you will need to pay both the employee and employer portions of Social Security and Medicare taxes.
    • State and local taxes: The tax laws for residents vary from state to state. Be sure to research the tax laws in the state where you are working to determine your tax liability.

    The following table summarizes the key tax considerations for residents:

    Filing StatusResident Exemption (2023)
    Married filing jointly$44,000
    Married filing separately$0
    Head of household$22,000

    Well, there you have it, folks! I hope this article helped shed some light on the ins and outs of earning money in different ways. Remember, there’s no one-size-fits-all approach, so explore your options and find what works best for you. Thanks for taking the time to read, and be sure to check back for more money-making tips and tricks down the road. Keep hustlin’, my friends!